10 Must-Know Interior Design Principles for Students

Interior Design Principles Every Design Student Should Know


In creating stylish spaces, students need to be aware of certain fundamentals and principles of interior design. This will help them to create a room which is visually attractive and functional. Every detail in the room matters from the colour palette to the furniture layout which interior designers need to look after. This will be able to evaluate the homeowner’s requirements and incorporate them with their own creative concepts to produce a stunning living area that appeals to peace. Though the interior Design Colleges in Tamil Nadu cover the principles of interior design topics in their syllabus, here you can find a glimpse of principles which you can apply to any room from the living room to the bathroom.

10 Interior Design Principles for students:


Interior designers should start with the client request on renovating, decorating or incorporating new designs to the space or room. Therefore, designers should prepare the samples which can communicate the direction, style, and appearance of the décor you want to create.

Focal points and features:

The main focus of a home’s design should be unity. Every design, every piece of décor, and every piece of furniture must go well together. Designers need to make sure that the patterns, colours, textures, and other elements flow naturally. Otherwise, there is a negative space created by the entire design project.


An interior designer can transform a house into a home or an office into an interesting, dynamic, and productive workstation by combining particular textiles, textures, colours, and artificial and natural lighting to uplift the moods of those who occupy the area.

One of the most significant roles of interior design is to enhance the well-being and quality of life of people using a space.

Colour, Pattern and texture:

  • It is important to see how the objects and colour schemes are balanced. However, if you stick to a single colour or just make slight tweaks on a theme, the entire design seems to be repetitive.
  • Whether you decide to add crystal chandeliers to the ceiling or paint eye-catching designs on the walls, you have to make sure that they complement the homeowners’ chosen concept and balance the overall design.
  • If the homeowners are conservative, you can go for an obsessive symmetrical balance with straight lines, furniture arranged perpendicularly, or radial patterns.
  • Asymmetrical balance is another option for generating a modern, fresh feel with complimentary design aspects that aren’t limited to simple design tasks.


It’s a good idea to arrange items in our houses such that there is contrast, progression, repetition, or transition. Designers can eventually improve the room’s overall effect by using these visual techniques to guide someone’s attention around the area.

Space and shape:

  • The best way to create a feeling of connection amongst items in a space is to use the principles of scale and proportion. 
  • This idea is crucial for knowing how to make use of the space around you, no matter how big or little the place is.
  • Scale manipulation is a simple way to add visual interest to a space. The link between an object’s size and the size of a space is referred to as scale.
  • Try mixing commonplace objects like artwork or greenery with objects that vary in height and size to create excitement without going crazy.

Accessories, display and storage:

Designers will frequently encounter people who want to display some of their most valuable assets. Without minimizing the other design components, you must figure out how to direct the eye of anyone entering the room to this object by emphasizing it.

It could be an old piece of furniture, a DIY project they created themselves, or a carefully chosen work of art. The item needs to be positioned to suit the room’s theme while highlighting its beauty and effect as a focal point.

Mood boards and budgets

Mood boards are frequently used by people before doing house renovations, decorating, or rearrangements. The visual arrangement facilitates goal communication, the blending of disparate concepts, and the identification of parts that might not work together. 

Thus,  mood boards for interior design can be especially helpful when ideas are difficult to express in words. Spend some time finding out prices. Get quotes from two different builders or craftsmen, go to showrooms to talk to them about expenses, and compare prices.  You’ll discover what feels comfy and what doesn’t when you compare rates.

Conclusion: Making simpler and more efficient with the use of advanced tools and techniques at each stage of interior design. Designers need to implement their own ideas and creativity when it comes to designing pre-loaded objects like furniture, plants or accessories in the home or space. Nowadays, advanced lighting and furnishing tools are plenty which provides the opportunity to share specific design ideas. Designers can use it according to the client’s preference which makes it easier to escape from redoing the design process from scratch. If you’re interested in designing your space and bored of using just Pinterest hacks, then you can get into real field experience after enrolling in the B Des Interior Design Colleges in Coimbatore. Hope, this guide is insightful!

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